Croydon is situated in Southern London. It’s a large commercial district outside Central London and 9.5 miles south of Charing Cross.
Croydon has a diverse shopping district and nighttime economy. It was merged with Greater London in 1965.
Croydon was formerly part of Wallington in Surrey County. It wasn’t until the Middle Ages that Croydon expanded to become a market town and centre for leather tanning, charcoal production, and brewing.
It was in 1803 that the world's first public railway opened in the area. It ran from Croydon to Wandsworth and was run by the Surrey Iron Railway.
The Whitgift Centre, which was the largest shopping centre in London until 2008, is located in Croydon.
Croydon serves as a transport link between central London and England’s south coast.
With frequent fast services to Brighton, Central London, and the south coast, East Croydon is a major hub of the national railway transport system. The area is distinct from others in Greater London because of its unique Tramlink light rail transport system.
Croydon’s Police Station is located in Park Lane on the other side of the Croydon Flyover. It is managed by the Metropolitan Police.
Croydon’s statutory fire and rescue service is the London Fire Brigade. Their fire station with two pumping appliances is located in Old Town.
The closest hospital in Croydon is Croydon University Hospital, located in Thornton Heath. This hospital was called Mayday Hospital between 1923 and 2010.
Not far from south of Croydon is a route for transport from London to the south coast that passes through a small gap in the North Downs. Before the A23 Purley Way was built to the west, the London to Brighton road passed through the town on North End.
Croydon Airport became active on the 29th March, 1920 and was used for defence in World War I. The airport is no longer operational but the name "Croydon Airport" is still used as a bus stop designation and landmark.
Croydon College is one of the major educational facilities in the area and is located near East Croydon Station with its main site on Park Lane and College Road.
Queen Elizabeth II launched the Croydon Clocktower in 1994 as an arts venue featuring a library.
Some of the most notable buildings in Croydon include the Nestlé Tower, and Croydon Council's headquarters Taberner House.
According to the 2011 census, Croydon was the most populated borough in Greater London with a population of 363,378. Estimated population in 2017 was around 384,800 with 186,900 of the population being male and 197,900 being female. The area has a population density of 4,448 inhabitants per km².
There are 14 libraries in Croydon. The popular ones are Ashburton Library, South Norwood Library, Selsdon Library, New Addington Library, Shirley Library, Upper Norwood Library (which is shared with the Borough of Lambeth), Broad Green, Sanderstead Library, Coulsdon Library, Purley Library, Bradmore Green Library, and Croydon Central Library.
The headquarters of the Home Office’s UK Visas and Immigration department is situated in Lunar House, Central Croydon.
The Royal Bank of Scotland, Lloyds TSB, Direct Line, Merrill Lynch and Balfour Beatty all have offices in Croydon.
North End is a primary pedestrian shopping road in Croydon with Centrale and the Whitgift Centre on either side of it.