Hackney is a London Borough in Inner London.
Hackney’s historical and administrative quarters is located on Mare Street which is 5 miles north-east of Charing Cross.
Hackney’s southern and eastern parts are commonly regarded as part of east London, while its north-west area is considered to be a part of north London.
The total land area of Hackney is 19.06 square kilometres. It rises westward from the Lea to a height of 30 metres above sea level at Stamford Hill and Clapton Common. In the south of Hackney, Victoria Park’s ground area rises about 15 metres above sea level.
Present day Hackney was formed in 1965 by merging the Metropolitan Boroughs of Stoke, Newington and Shoreditch with the much larger Metropolitan Borough of Hackney.
Hackney is bordered on the north by Haringey, Islington to the west, Newham to the east, Waltham Forest to the north-east, City of London to the south-west, and Tower Hamlets to the south-east.
In 2012, Hackney was one of the venues for the Olympic Games. During the event, several of the venues used on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park fell within its boundaries.
As of mid-2017, Hackney was believed to have an estimated population of 275,900. This makes it the third-most heavily populated English district with 14,485 people per km²
Hackney’s New River was opened in 1613. It was formed to create a source of drinking water for London by diverting water from the Lea catchment. The New River flows past Finsbury Park and towards Islington.
The Regents Canal is another manmade feature in Hackney. It crosses from Hackney to the south of De Beauvoir Town in the west and joins the Hertford Union Canal under Victoria Par.
In 1789, the parish church of St John-at-Hackney was erected to replace the earlier 16th-century parish church which was dedicated to St Augustine.
Hackney has 8 public libraries, namely the Dalston CLR James Library, Hackney Central Library, Clapton Library, Stamford Hill Library, Stoke Newington Library, Homerton Library, Shoreditch Library, and Woodberry Down Library.
Some of Hackney’s notable residents between the 17th and 19th centuries include William Cecil, Robert Aske, Samuel Hoare, Samuel Courtauld, Thomas Sutton, and Joseph Priestley.
Alfred Hitchcock made several of his early films on Poole Street in Hoxton at the Gainsborough Studios.
In 2006, Hackney was rated London Transport's 'best bike borough and inner London's 'greenest borough'. The area at the time had 815 acres with 62 parks and open spaces.
Seven of Hackney’s parks hold Green Flag status. These include Abney Park and Hackney Marshes.
Hackney has 1,300 listed buildings. Some of them include Tudor Sutton House, Hackney Empire, and St Augustine's Tower.
It also features 25 conservation areas. These include Clapton Square, Clapton Common and Clissold Park.
Hackney is presently broken into 21 wards which have a combination of 57 councillors.
There are only two London underground stations in Hackney and both are on the borough’s fringes. Old Street lies on Hackney’s south-west border with Islington, while Manor House on the Piccadilly Lane is on the extreme end of the north-western fringe on the boundary with Haringey.
There are three London overground lines that serve Hackney, namely the North London Line, the East London Line, and Lea Valley Lines.